Catharsis is a process of acute or lasting negative experience that suddenly turns into a positive one after reaching its highest intensivity.
The traditional concept of “catharsis” was developed in the ancient Greek philosophy of art. In ancient Greece, the word ‘catharsis’ meant “cleansing”, particularly of negative feelings.
Aristotle developed a theory of how one can influence, change, transform the inner world with the help of art. Catharsis played a central role in this theory.
According to it, after listening to music or observing artworks, a person can cleanse the mind and get free from horrible feelings. In other words, theater plays, paintings, sculptures, literature, can induce anger or despair that are later replaced with calmness and an enlightened mood.
In psychoanalytic literature, the term “catharsis” first appeared in the Study of Hysteria (Studien uber Hysterie, 1895) by Joseph Breuer and Sigmund Freud. Breuer sought relief from the symptoms of hysteria by encouraging hypnotized patients to revive or recall forgotten childhood experiences – often but not always traumatic – and the feelings associated with them.
Freud suggested that previously suppressed memories and the associated negative emotions can be transitioned from unconsciousness to consciousness in a hypnotic state. After that, they can be processed and discharged. As a result of a so-called affective discharge, the symptom disappears.
Discuss long-term plans with your children
Typically adolescents with failure to launch syndrome avoid making any plans to become independent. They usually don’t have big goals and no idea how to reach success. They don’t want to plan their future there and move out. Instead of asking your children what they’re going to do with their life, raise the subject gently. Be supportive and inspiring during your discussion. Propose some ideas and express your expectations.
Ask your children to contribute
Create a plan for financial contributions and set clear house rules. Make your children responsible for the household and write down your agreements. Stay firm while creating rules in your own house.
If your children are trying to become less dependent on you, support them. Do your best to boost their self-esteem because it will contribute to their future success. Provide your children there is support and encouragement to make them more confident. Don’t forget to tell them that you are proud of their achievements.
As failure to launch syndrome can be caused by mental disorders, seek for professional help for your children. Make an appointment with a therapist if you think that your child may suffer from depression, addiction, or other mental health condition.
So the most effective ways to deal with failure to launch syndrome is to set expectations and limits to adolescents, help them define short-term goals and create long-term plans. Making them partially responsible for family finances is also an important step towards getting rid of this syndrome.
Adolescents should always have clear responsibilities and face consequences if they deny their duties. Also, turning to a therapist can treat conditions underlying failure to launch syndrome.