Traditional Gender Roles
Gender roles may differ significantly depending on the culture and economic conditions of the country. In foraging societies, the distribution of power was relatively equal, since women played a crucial role in the community. The gathering process was considered to be an important activity, so a lot of females were involved in food production. Nonetheless, the rise of warfare and hunting contributed to a higher male status among food producers (Kottak 2017: 170). Sharp separation of domestic and public spheres resulted in greater gender stratification. Males could perform more social functions due to their physical superiority, so they were provided with better opportunities. Besides, economic factors also contributed to the stagnation of the problem. The growing number of male immigrants at the beginning of the 20th century increased the number of unemployed women in society. That is why females were expected to bring up children and perform household tasks (Kottak 2017: 182). However, the situation has changed after the World War II. The decrease in population and the need for cheap labor forced employers to attract more women to the organizations. Since then more and more females expressed a desire to work and develop in their careers (Kottak 2017: 187). Nowadays, the companies have realized the benefits of working women, so they try to provide females with better opportunities for learning and development, such as flexible working hours, social projects, childcare facilities, etc.
Changing the Situation
As it could be observed, there have been great changes for women in terms of social status and employment during the past decades. Females managed to improve their position in the community and gain the chance to choose their destiny. A lot of women prefer to develop in their careers rather than bringing up children. Nevertheless, some of them decide to combine both spheres of their life by establishing the right work-life balance (Kottak 2017:191). Obviously, both genders should have equal opportunities in society, and choose their path in life. In many industries females play a crucial role, so they can contribute to the development of the economy and improve the country’s performance in the global arena.
Women in Today's World
There are a lot of benefits of bringing women into the workplace for society. First of all, the studies have shown that females are better at building professional relationships than their male counterparts, as they have better networking skills. That is why women can create strong relationships with partners, which would foster business development. Moreover, diversity has a positive effect on the decision-making and problem-solving processes in the company. It allows managers to look at the issue from different perspectives and come to a better conclusion. However, high female employment might lead to various social problems. The more women are engaged in career development, the lower is the birth rate in the country. Modern women do not have time to bring up a lot of children, so the majority of them prefer to have only one child. Additionally, excessive work may result in a burnout, since not all women will manage to run their household and progress in their careers.
Despite all the adverse effects of female employment on the community, women should have a right to have equal opportunities with men. Female workers may bring a lot of advantages to society and provide people with new insights into various problems. Nonetheless, employers should empower females and provide them with more possibilities to combine professional and personal life. Flexible working hours, corporate kindergartens, the possibility to take time off may encourage women to establish families and bring up children.